The land that is now known as Middleborough has been home to Wampanoag and Massachusett Indians and their ancestors for thousands of years. Archaeological resources recovered from sites at Wappanucket on the northern shore of Lake Assawompsett indicate a human presence dating back some 10,000 years BP. European settlers arrived in 1661 and at first called the land Nemasket, the name by which the Indigenous people knew it. Incorporated as the town of Middlebury in 1669, Middleborough today is a vibrant community that celebrates its rich past as it looks forward to the future. Begin your exploration of some of our town's key protected historic resources here.